The Arkhangelsk Seaweed Factory is the largest enterprise in the North West of Russia with rich and original history of processing unique marine resources.
The history starts with the First World War. As the war started, army needed industrial volumes of domestic crystalline iodine, to treat wounded and seriously ill people.
In 1915, by the decision of the Czar Nikolas II, the collection and processing of kelp and fucus began on the White Sea. This was possible thanks to the chemistry and organic chemistry professor – Vyacheslav Tishchenko, who suggested the iodine extracting technology from seaweed to Prince Alexander of Oldenburg, who was the head of military medical service.
Three years later, in January of 1918, the first Russian factory producing iodine from seaweed was built in Arkhangelsk, and in 1930, an iodine factory on the Zhizhgin Island. So, harvesting and processing of started.
However, the process did not go without interruptions. Unfortunately, the scientific developments of our fellow countrymen were interrupted by the Second World War: more than 130 people from the factories in the capital of the Pomorye region and on the island of Zhizhgin left their places for military service. Also, the factories had to completely change their specialization, for example, starting to grind grain into flour, or process and turn spare parts for agricultural machines.